Selecting Statistical Characteristics of Brain Signals to Detect Epileptic Seizures using Discrete Wavelet Transform and Perceptron Neural Network

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Abstract
Electroencephalogram signals (EEG) have always been used in medical diagnosis. Evaluation of the statistical characteristics of EEG signals is actually the foundation of all brain signal processing methods. Since the correct prediction of disease status is of utmost importance, the goal is to use those models that have minimum error and maximum reliability. In anautomatic epileptic seizure detection system, we should be able to distinguish between EEG signals before, during and after seizure. Extracting useful characteristics from EEG data can greatly increase the classification accuracy. In this new approach, we first parse EEG signals to sub-bands in different categories with the help of discrete wavelet transform(DWT) and then we derive statistical characteristics such as maximum, minimum, average and standard deviation for each sub-band. A multilayer perceptron (MLP)neural network was used to assess the different scenarios of healthy and seizure among the collected signal sets. In order to assess the success and effectiveness of the proposed method, the confusion matrix was used and its accuracy was achieved98.33 percent. Due to the limitations and obstacles in analyzing EEG signals, the proposed method can greatly help professionals experimentally and visually in the classification and diagnosis of epileptic seizures.
Year of Publication
2017
Journal
International Journal of Interactive Multimedia and Artificial Intelligence
Volume
4
Issue
Special Issue on 3D Medicine and Artificial Intelligence
Number
5
Number of Pages
33-38
Date Published
09/2017
ISSN Number
1989-1660
Citation Key
URL
http://www.ijimai.org/journal/sites/default/files/files/2016/12/ijimai20174_5_6_pdf_12024.pdf
DOI
10.9781/ijimai.2017.456
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